Ultimate Coffee Grind Size Chart for Perfect Brewing (2023)

Understanding the coffee grind size chart is crucial when brewing the perfect cup of coffee. The grind size of your coffee beans can significantly impact the taste and quality of your brew. This blog post will delve into the importance of selecting the correct grind size for various brewing methods.

By mastering the art of grinding your roasted coffee beans using our detailed guide on the Coffee Grind Size Chart, you'll be well on your way to making delicious cups of joe every time.

So let's dive into what makes good grounds essential for an excellent cuppa!

Coffee Grind Size Chart

When it comes to brewing coffee, the grind size of your beans is crucial. The right grind size can make or break your cup of joe. In this article, we'll go over everything you need to know about coffee grind sizes and how they affect the taste of your brew.

Popular Coffee Grind Sizes and What They're Used For

Here's a list of some common coffee grind sizes:

Grind TypeAppearanceBrewing Methods
Extra-CoarseLarge, uneven piecesCold Brew, French Press
CoarseLarge, slightly unevenPercolator, French Press
Medium-CoarseGritty with some larger particlesChemex, Clever Dripper
MediumSand-like grains with some textureDrip, Pour-Over, AeroPress
FineVery fine, smooth textureEspresso, Moka Pot
Extra-FinePowdery textureTurkish Coffe

The significance of the grind size for coffee cannot be overemphasized, as it is a major factor in influencing the taste and excellence of your brew.

Understanding the relationship between coffee grounds and over or under-extracted coffee is essential for achieving that perfect cup.

(Video) Coffee Grind Size for Every Brewing Method

Using a burr grinder instead of a blade grinder ensures consistent grind sizes and ultimately enhances your coffee experience. We recommend the DF64 Grinders, which you can find here.

Familiarizing yourself with popular coffee grind sizes will allow you to tailor your brewing method to suit your taste preferences.

Whether you prefer espresso, French press, or drip-brewed coffee, selecting the appropriate grind size is key to unlocking the full potential of your beans.

Why Does Grind Size Matter?

Grind size determines how much flavor is extracted from your coffee beans during brewing.

A finer grind exposes more surface area for water to interact with, resulting in faster extraction rates, while coarser grinds provide less surface area leading to slower extraction times.

A finer grind provides faster extraction rates, while coarser grinds lead to slower extraction times; striking the right balance between these two extremes is key for getting the desired taste and avoiding over- or under-extraction.

By understanding coffee grind sizes, you'll be able to fine-tune your brewing process and enjoy delicious cups every time.

(Video) Grind Size: How to Grind for Different Coffee Brewing Methods

Brewing Methods and Grind Sizes

  • Espresso: Fine - Espresso machines require finely ground beans due to their high-pressure extraction method, which quickly extracts intense flavors from small amounts of grounds.
  • Pour Over: Medium-fine - Pour-over methods like Chemex or Hario V60 need medium-fine grounds that allow water to flow at an even pace without clogging filters while still extracting rich flavors efficiently.
  • Drip Coffee Maker: Medium - Drip brewers work best with medium grounds that provide a balanced extraction and prevent over or under-extraction issues.
  • French Press: Coarse - French press brewing requires coarser grinds to avoid sediment in your cup, allowing for an even immersion of coffee grounds during steeping.

Bear in mind that these are general guidelines, and you may need to adjust the grind size slightly depending on factors like bean type, roast level, and personal taste preferences. Experimentation is key.

Relationship Between Coffee Grounds and Over or Under-Extracted Coffee

The relationship between coffee grounds and extraction is crucial to achieving the perfect cup of coffee.

Extraction refers to the process of dissolving flavors from the coffee grounds into water, which ultimately determines your brew's taste.

The grind size plays a significant role in this process, as it affects how quickly or slowly the water extracts these flavors.

Over-extraction occurs when too much flavor is extracted from the coffee grounds, resulting in a bitter taste. This often happens when using too fine a grind for your brewing method, as it increases contact time between water and grounds.

Under-extraction results in weak or sour-tasting coffee due to insufficient flavor extraction caused by using too coarse a grind.

The Importance of Grind Size Consistency

Achieving consistent grind size is essential for optimal extraction because inconsistent grinds can lead to both over- and under-extracted flavors within one cup of coffee.

(Video) Coffee Grind Sizes For Popular Brew Methods | Stay Roasted

For example, suppose you have some larger (coarser) particles mixed with smaller (finer) ones during brewing. In that case, you'll end up with an unevenly extracted beverage that lacks balance in its flavor profile.

Finding Your Ideal Grind Size

  • Drip Coffee: Medium-fine grinds are best suited for drip-style brewers like automatic drip machines or pour-over methods such as Chemex.
  • French Press: Coarse grinds work well with French press brewing since they require longer steeping times without risking over-extraction.
  • Espresso: Fine grinds are necessary for espresso machines to create the high pressure needed for proper extraction.

To find your ideal grind size, start with a recommended setting based on your brewing method and adjust as needed. Pay attention to the taste of your coffee - if it's too bitter or strong, try a coarser grind; if it's weak or sour, go finer. Experimenting is key to finding the perfect balance between flavor and extraction in your brew.

Popular Coffee Grind Sizes

Different brewing methods require different grind sizes to achieve optimal extraction and flavor. In this section, we will discuss some popular coffee grind sizes and their uses in various brewing techniques.

Extra Coarse Grind

An extra coarse grind resembles large chunks or small pebbles, making it ideal for cold brew coffee. This method requires a longer steeping time, so using an extra coarse grind prevents over-extraction while still allowing the water to extract all the delicious flavors from your beans.

Coarse Grind

A coarse grind looks similar to sea salt and works well with a French press or percolator brewing methods. The larger particle size allows for proper extraction without clogging filters or causing sediment in your cup.

Medium-Coarse Grind

This type of grind falls between a medium and coarse consistency, resembling rough sand. It's best suited for pour-over brewers like Chemex that use thicker paper filters that can handle slightly larger grounds without letting them pass through into your final brew.

(Video) COFFEE GRINDING & COFFEE GRIND SIZE is so important when brewing your coffee at home or coffee shop

List of Popular Brewing Methods Using Medium-Coarse Grinds:

  • Chemex Pour-Over Brewer
  • Clever Dripper (Immersion/Pour-Over Hybrid)
  • Flat-bottomed Drip Coffee Makers

Medium Grind

A medium grind is the most common size and resembles granulated sugar. It's versatile, making it suitable for various brewing methods like drip coffee makers, Aeropress (with a longer brew time), or siphon brewers. For further guidance on brewing with an Aeropress, consult our guide.

List of Popular Brewing Methods Using Medium Grinds:

  • Drip Coffee Makers with Cone-shaped Filters
  • Siphon Brewers (Vacuum Pot)
  • Aeropress (Longer Brew Time)

Fine Grind

Fine grinds are similar in texture to table salt and work best with espresso machines that require high pressure to force water through tightly packed grounds. This method extracts bold flavors quickly due to the increased surface area of the fine particles.

List of Popular Brewing Methods Using Fine Grinds:

  • Espresso Machines (Non-Pressurized Portafilters)
  • Moka Pots (Stovetop Espresso Maker)

Extra Fine Grind

An extra fine grind has a powdery consistency similar to flour. This type of grind is perfect for Turkish coffee, which requires a very fine particle size to create the thick and frothy brew that this method is known for.

List of Popular Brewing Methods Using Extra Fine Grinds:

  • Turkish Coffee (Ibrik or Cezve)

The grind of coffee beans can differ depending on the technique for making it, so understanding which size is optimal for your preferred cup is essential. With that in mind, let's explore why good grounds make good coffee.


In conclusion, understanding coffee grind size is crucial for making a great cup of coffee.

The relationship between the grounds and over or under-extracted coffee, the difference between blade and burr grinders, popular grind sizes, and why good grounds make good coffee are all important factors to consider when brewing your perfect cup.

If you want to take your coffee game to the next level, check out this guide on Coffee Grind Size Chart, which offers an easy-to-use guide for selecting the right grind size for your preferred brewing method.

(Video) What's the ideal dose for espresso?

With this helpful chart, you can explore different brewing techniques and find the ideal balance of flavor and aroma in each cup!

Also, if you need a good grinder, check out the Turin DF64.


Ultimate Coffee Grind Size Chart for Perfect Brewing? ›

Larger (coarse) grind sizes need more contact time with water to extract optimum flavor. Smaller (finer) grind sizes need less contact time to extract optimum flavor. In general, we use a coarser grind for longer brewing times (4-8 minutes) and a finer grind for shorter brewing times (1-4 minutes).

Which coffee grind size is best for brewing? ›

Coffee Grind Size Chart
GrindParticle size in millimetersBest for
Extra-coarse1.5Cold brew
Coarse1French press, percolators
Medium0.75Pour-over, Chemex, drip coffee maker
Medium fine0.5Moka pot (stovetop espresso), Aeropress, siphon brewer, pour-over cone
2 more rows
Jun 7, 2021

How do I choose the right grind size? ›

Larger (coarse) grind sizes need more contact time with water to extract optimum flavor. Smaller (finer) grind sizes need less contact time to extract optimum flavor. In general, we use a coarser grind for longer brewing times (4-8 minutes) and a finer grind for shorter brewing times (1-4 minutes).

How much coffee grounds for the perfect cup? ›

The standard ratio for brewing coffee is 1-2 tablespoons of ground coffee per 6 ounces of water – 1 tablespoon for lighter coffee and 2 for stronger coffee. That 6-ounce measure is equivalent to one “cup” in a standard coffeemaker, but keep in mind that the standard mug size is closer to 12 ounces or larger.

Does a finer grind make stronger coffee? ›

The more finely ground the beans, the more caffeine is released into the water. So it's safe to say that when it comes to caffeination, a finer grind does result in stronger coffee, while a coarser grind will always brew a weaker cup.

What happens if coffee is too bitter grind size? ›

When your coffee tastes bitter, your grind size may be too fine. This is because finer coffee particles extract flavors and organic compounds quicker. It takes far less time for the water to saturate smaller coffee particles than larger ones.

How do you know you've got the correct grind? ›

Getting the right grind is a balancing act. The first step is feeling if a grind is roughly accurate – it should feel powdery but with a gritty finish. If the powder feels very powdery and soft it is likely too fine. It the powder feels very gritty and rough it is likely too coarse.

Does a finer grind make coffee more bitter? ›

2. You're using the wrong grind size. Grinding coffee beans changes how the flavor compounds dissolve, which means that if it's too coarsely ground you risk under-extraction, and in turn a flat or perhaps a sour tasting coffee. But if they're too finely ground, you risk an over-extracted, bitter coffee.

How do you grind coffee like a pro? ›

Use a mortar and pestle to get a consistent medium-fine to fine grind. It will take a little time and elbow grease, but you should get excellent results. Use a food processor to pulse beans to your desired texture. For more consistent results, try blitzing a scant 1/2 cup of whole beans at a time.

Is it better to have a bigger or smaller grind size? ›

A finer grind size will produce smaller particles that have a higher surface area, causing your coffee grind particles to extract quicker. This means that with a finer grind, you need less time in contact with water than a coarser grind when brewing coffee.

What grind size is Starbucks? ›

Typically, Starbucks uses a medium-sized grind; however, the size of the grind can be adjusted to suit your ideal preference.

What grind size is better coarse or fine? ›

A finer grind has a larger total surface area and will extract the coffee faster while a coarser grind will have a smaller surface area and will extract slower.

What is the golden cup coffee ratio? ›

Coffee-to-Water Ratio: To achieve the Golden Cup Standard, the recommended coffee-to-water ratio is 55 g/L ± 10%. Coffee Preparation Temperature: To achieve the Golden Cup Standard, water temperature, at the point of contact with coffee, is recommended to fall between 200°F ± 5° (93.0°C ± 3°).

What is the perfect amount of coffee grounds for 8 cups? ›

For making 8 cups, we think 14 Tablespoons or ~80 grams of coffee is a good starting point. You may need to use more or less coffee, depending on your preferred coffee strength.

How do you calculate coffee ratio? ›

Start with the amount of coffee you want to drink; a 12oz cup equals 340g of water. Next, pick your brew ratio; the lower the ratio, like 1:13 or 1:15, the stronger the cup of coffee will be. Finally, divide 340g of water by 15, and you will get the number of grams of coffee to use for a 1:15 brewing ratio, ~23g.

What is the strongest coffee brewing method? ›

Espresso is considered the strongest coffee brewing method. The strongest ratio is reached at 1:2, however some people prefer ratios of extraction not as concentrated or strong as 1:3 which are more commonly used in cappuccinos or lattes.

What is cowboy coffee? ›

Cowboy coffee is essentially French press coffee without a filter. Typically, this drink is made over an open flame, out on the trail, or at a campsite, where a coffee maker (or electricity for that matter) isn't readily available.

Why does my ground coffee taste weak? ›

The temperature of the water used during extraction is a major factor in influencing how bitter (over-cooked) or weak the coffee will taste. Weak coffee can be a result of using water that has cooled too much. The ideal coffee brewing water temperature is around 195-205 degrees or about ~30 seconds off of the boil.

What is the smoothest non bitter coffee? ›

Arabica coffee beans make coffee that is less bitter than robusta beans. High-quality arabica coffee that has been roasted light to medium barely has any bitterness at all.

What grind size reduces bitterness? ›

Is your coffee too bitter? Make sure your machine uses a coarser grind. You do this by setting a larger grind size. Go from level 5 to 6, for example.

Why does European coffee taste better? ›

So, why does coffee taste better in Europe? Well, undoubtedly it's the hot milk and the dark roast of the beans, but it's also got a lot to do with the atmosphere of sitting in the square and enjoying it in a relaxed way rather than in your car, stressed about traffic and needing to pee.

What happens if the grind is too fine? ›

Grinds too fine can settle and pack together in the basket of the espresso machine, clogging an otherwise even mesh and stymieing water's journey through. As a result, some cups end up bitter, while others end up sour; a few taste strong, a few taste weak.

What setting should my coffee grinder be on? ›

Coarse (usually the higher settings) is best for a cold-brew machine and a French press because they have a longer steeping process that needs bigger grounds. Medium-sized grounds are best for your everyday hot cup of drip coffee.

Why is Starbucks coffee bitter? ›

Now there is nothing wrong with strong coffee, but it should taste nice and smooth. The most likely reason for the bitter/burnt taste is that Starbucks roasts their beans at a higher temperature then most roasters in order to produce large quantities of beans in a short time.

Does adding salt to coffee make it less bitter? ›

The addition of salt in coffee dampens bitterness without using other additives,” she says. “Salt naturally brings out the sweetness of coffee and maintains pleasant aromas. If people are sensitive to bitterness, even in specialty coffee, adding salt is a good alternative to using milk and sugar.”

Why is my grind for coffee too sour? ›

Grind Finer

Finer grinds, on the other hand, can extract flavor compounds quicker than coarse grinds. If you find that your coffee tastes a bit on the sour side, grind finer for smaller coffee particles.

Does it matter how you grind your coffee? ›

Coffee grind not only matters, it is possibly one of the most important steps in the coffee brewing process, as grind size can dramatically change the taste of your coffee, transforming it from perfection to undrinkable bitterness.

Is it better to manually grind coffee? ›

In theory, manual coffee grinders should produce slightly better tasting coffee than automatic grinders, because manual grinders don't heat up coffee beans during grinding. Most automatic grinders grind at high speeds, and the friction slightly increases the coffee's temperature for a short time.

What is the most common coffee grind size? ›

Fine Grind (espresso grind)

The most common grind size you'll come across. When you buy pre-ground coffee, it's usually a fine grind size (unless otherwise stated). In terms of consistency, it's a little finer than table salt.

How do you know if grind is too coarse? ›

The coffee ought to clump in the center of the pinch, where the pressure is hardest, but not too much. If it does not clump at all, it is too coarse and will make a weak shot. If it clumps excessively, it is too fine and will produce over-extraction.

Does grind size affect coffee acidity? ›

For more acidity in your cup, grind coarser. For less acidity grind finer. But don't overdo it, fine grinds mean a speedy extraction and you can end up with a bitter cup.

What is standard coffee grind? ›

Regarding brewing method, a medium grind size could be considered your "standard" grind because it's great for your typical drip coffee brewing. However, the "regular" grind size for an espresso would be considered fine.

What is the best grind for a French press coffee? ›

Grind and weigh your coffee

French press coffee calls for a coarse, even grind. We recommend starting with a 1:12 coffee-to-water ratio. If you're using 350 grams of water, you'll want 30 grams of coffee.

What size grind for French press coffee? ›

The French Press method calls for a coarse grind. The grind size should be between . 75 mm and 1 mm. If the grind is too coarse it will make the coffee taste weak.

Does grind size affect yield? ›

As you grind finer and finer, it will take longer and longer to reach your desired yield. For a while, this will result in increased extraction and strength.

What is the specialty coffee ratio? ›

SCAA, the Specialty Coffee Association of America, has come out with their golden ratio, which is approximately. 1:18. So, therefore they recommend 55 grams of coffee for 1000 ml (grams) of water. Obviously this golden ratio depends on your brew method, type of coffee, and personal taste preference.

What is the best coffee powder mix ratio? ›

For every 200 ml cup of coffee you need about one full tablespoon of coffee powder. If you want to make a whole litre of filter coffee at once, we recommend using seven tablespoons of ground coffee.

What is the best coffee milk ratio? ›

For optimal taste in hot coffee, the ratio for coffee to steamed milk is often 1:4 to 1:6.

How many grounds for 2 cups of coffee? ›

When using tablespoons and an 8-ounce cup, this is the general rule. For 2 cups, 16 oz water plus four tablespoons of coffee will be enough, and for 3 cups =24 oz water plus 6 tablespoons coffee.

What is the golden ratio for 8 cups of coffee? ›

Divide your total water weight by the ratio (225 / 15) to produce 15. That's the amount of coffee you need. You now know that, if you're using a 1:15 ratio, you'll need 15g of coffee and 225g of water to brew your 8oz mug.

How many beans do I grind for 4 cups of coffee? ›

How much coffee for four cups of coffee? Using the Golden Ratio, we know that if one cup takes 8.3g of coffee grounds, then 4 cups would need 33.2g.

What does 1 2 ratio mean coffee? ›

A 1:2 ratio means for every gram of coffee in your basket, you will yield 2 grams of liquid espresso. Think of brew ratios as a scaling factor. If you have more dose, you can make more espresso – within reason, of course.

What is the 16 1 coffee ratio? ›

For example, if your brew ratio is 1 to 16 (often expressed 1/16), then for every one part coffee, you use 16 parts water. In other words, to prepare 16oz cup of brewed coffee you would use 1oz of ground coffee and 16oz of water, or 30g ground coffee to 475 ml of water for those using the metric system (1, see below).

What is a 15 to 1 ratio for coffee? ›

First of all, let's do a recap of what the ratio actually represents - a 1:15 ratio describes 1 gram of coffee to 15 milliliters of water, while a 1:18 ratio would be 1 part coffee and 18 parts water and will be more diluted.

How does grind size affect coffee brewing? ›

Coffee is affected by how quickly water can extract flavor compounds from your grounds and by the duration of the brewing. Coarser, larger coffee grounds have less surface area than those that are finely ground. They allow water to flow more freely and they do not give up their flavor as quickly.

Is a finer or coarser coffee grind better? ›

A finer grind has a larger total surface area and will extract the coffee faster while a coarser grind will have a smaller surface area and will extract slower.

Is it best to grind coffee right before brewing? ›

The oils and aromatics in the beans are released during the grinding process. To immediately capture that oily goodness in your coffee, brew right after grinding. Grinding your beans right before you brew gives you greater control over the final taste.

Is it bad to grind coffee too fine? ›

In general, if you brew coffee that is ground too coarse, the coffee can be under-extracted (weak), and less flavorful. If your coffee is ground too fine, however, the coffee can be over-extracted and bitter. Small changes in grind size can drastically affect the taste of your final brew.

Does making a coffee grind finer make the shots run longer? ›

Adjusting the Grind

A three millimetre movement should change your shot time by three to five seconds, using the same dose and tamp technique.

Why do you spray water before grinding coffee? ›

This technique involves spraying or adding a 'droplet' of water to your coffee beans to reduce static-loaded coffee grinds and grind retention when single-dose grinding. For anyone who's noticed their grounds clinging to metal surfaces or flying away from the portafilter while grinding, this is a must-have.

How long after grinding coffee should you wait before brewing? ›

Grind just before brewing and you have a good chance of getting most of them into the cup; grind 10 minutes ahead and a noticeable amount of flavor will have dissipated. Grind the night before and you throw in the towel before you step in the ring.

Why do you spritz coffee before grinding? ›

The main reason people are encouraged to spray coffee beans prior to grinding is because this reduces the amount of static. Therefore you have less coffee grounds sticking to the side of your portafilter/grinder so you use all of the grounds whilst creating less mess.

What happens if the grind size is too fine? ›

Grinds too fine can settle and pack together in the basket of the espresso machine, clogging an otherwise even mesh and stymieing water's journey through. As a result, some cups end up bitter, while others end up sour; a few taste strong, a few taste weak.

How hard should you tamp coffee? ›

Apply 20-30 pounds of pressure, and polish

Baristas often recommend 30 pounds of pressure, but some do as little as 20 pounds. More and more are finding that tamping pressure is overrated—it's hard on the wrist and cause an over-extracted, bitter brew. Use a twisting motion as you pull up to “polish” the puck.

What is the most common grind size? ›

Fine Grind (espresso grind)

The most common grind size you'll come across. When you buy pre-ground coffee, it's usually a fine grind size (unless otherwise stated). In terms of consistency, it's a little finer than table salt.


1. Understanding Espresso - Grind Size (Episode #4)
(James Hoffmann)
2. Coffee Brewing Ratios Explained
(James Hoffmann)
3. Brewing AeroPress with 3 DIFFERENT GRIND SIZES
(Fresh Roasted Coffee LLC)
4. The Grind Guide: How to Grind Coffee for Your Brew Method at Home
5. The Ultimate guide to Cold Brew Coffee
(Seven Miles Coffee Roasters)
6. Coffee Grind Size and Its Effect on Manual Brew - V60
(Baristas coffeeschool)


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